Peru is a country in South America that’s home to a section of Amazon rain forest.
The land of the Incas, an amazing civilization that was able to cope with the wild geography of the region and live in harmony with the elements of nature: the rivers, the sun, the rain, the oceans, the mountains, the dry cold of the Andes and adapting to different environments.
In southern Peru, vast Lake Titicaca offers sapphire waters and folkloric festivals at high altitude. The city of Arequipa is popular for outdoor recreation , such as climbing volcanoes and viewing Andean condors at Colca Canyon. The Sacred ( Urubamba ) Valley has many hiking, rafting and mountain-biking opportunities. In southern desert, small planes fly visitors over the Nazca Lines, huge ancient pictograms. In northeast, Iquitos is the gateway to Peru’s Amazon basin.
PLACES TO VISIT
1. Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu is an Incan citadel set high in the Andes Mountains in Peru, above the Urubamba River Valley. It is placed on a mountain ridge 2,430 metres ( 7,970 ft) above sea level.
Built in the 15th century and later abandoned , it’s renowned for its sophisticated dry-stone walls that fuse huge blocks without the use of mortar, intriguing buildings that play on astronomical alignments and panoramic views. Its exact former use remains a mystery.
You can read our Machu Picchu travel guide and find out more about this wonderful place.
Most archaeologists belive that Machu Picchu was constructed as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438-1472). Often mistakenly referred to as the ”Lost City of the Incas” is the most familiar icon of Inca civilization.
The Incas built the estate around 1450 but abandoned it a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest.
Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. It has three primary structures : 1. Intihuatana, 2. the Temple of the Sun, and 3. the Room of the Three Windows.
Though Machu Picchu is considered to be a ”royal” estate, surprisingly , the estate would not have been passed down in the line of succession. It was only used to approximately 80 years before being abandoned seemingly due to destruction of the Spanish Conquests in other parts of the Inca Empire.
Intihuatana, the ”place where the sun gets tied” , It was a religious construction, conformed of 4 sides, considering like the 4 cardinals (north, south, east and west) located at the top of the sacred mountain, after climbing around 70 steps, is a wonder of the ancient technology, given the fact that was a kind of the clock to measure when was the time to celebrate the winter solstice, called by the Incas INTI Raymi, one of the most important celebrations and rituals of the entire Empire.
This is the place where the energy is in the air, according to many tourists, toy can touch the stone and really feels the energy through your body, and recharged of full positive vibrations, so you can continue your trip to the most high point of the Sanctuary.
Many mysteries are written around the Stone, they tie the Sun goes out his life will be finished , and the Sun brings the life to all creatures, is the light of the life.
The Temple of the Sun
Few people had access to this place, since that the ceremonies for the ordinary people were made on the the public squire, only the priest and the Inca could enter to the Temple of the Sun.
This is a semi-circular construction built over a strong rock, adapted to the natural environment, on the temple of the Sun there’s a tower with a trapezoidal window, built over a rock of pure granite, in this place the persons who were in charge of the cult of the INTI ( The principal god, the Sun) they keep several mummies to be worshiped, these mummies places are called the royal tombs, given that the mummies were an important part of the cult to the Sun.
The gate has a very interesting security system, which includes many metal rings that functioned to avoid that the common people was able to watch the rituals dedicated to the sun.
Temple of the Three Windows
The Temple of the Three Windows ( also known as the Room of the Three Windows) is situated on Machu Picchu’s Sacred Plaza. The main wall of this sturdy rectangular building contains three windows that overlook the mountains surrounding Machu Picchu.
The windows are aligned to the sunrise.
2. Sacred Valley
The Sacred Valley is a region in Peru’s Andean highlands. Along with the nearby town of Cusco and the ancient city of Machu Picchu , it formed the heart of the Inca Empire. Stretching roughly 60 kilometers, it’s an area of fertile farmland and Spanish colonial villages like Pisac and Ollantaytambo.
3. Colca Canyon
Colca Canyon, a river canyon in southern Peru famed as one of the world’s deepest, is a well-known trekking destination. It’s a habitat for the giant Andean condor, on view from overlooks like Cruz del Condor.
The canyon landscape comprises a green valley and remote traditional villages with terraced agriculture that predates the Incas . Its Colca River is popular for rafting.
4. Nazca Lines
Etched into the high desert of southern Peru more than a millenium ago, the Nazca lines continue to capture our imagination. More than a thousand of these geoglyphs (ground drawings) sprawl across the sandy soil of Nazca province, the remains of little understood ritual practices that may have been conected to life giving rain.
The largest figures are up to 370 m long.
The Sacsayhuaman (also Saksaywaman or Saqsawaman, meaning ‘Royal Eagle’) fortress-temple complex lies at the northern edge of the former Inca capital Cuzco.
Constructed during the reign of Pachacuti (1438-1471 CE) and his successors, its massive, well-built walls remain today as a testimony not only to Inca power but also the skills of Inca architects and their approach of blending their monumental structures harmoniously into the natural landscape.
The Sacsayhuaman is still used today for reenactments of Inca-inspired ceremonies.
BEST TIME TO VISIT PERU
The best time to visit the highlands, home to the Andes and the Inca Trail, is during the dry season, between May and October. Daytime temperatures are mild, between 20–25°C, but nights at higher elevations get very cold, particularly between June and July. January and February are very wet and the Inca Trail is closed in February for maintenance, although you can still access Machu Picchu, the famous Incan citadel.